The energy crisis is one of the leading problems worldwide. With an increase in industrialization, energy consumption has increased rapidly. This leaves us with enough energy for our generation, while the forthcoming generation might be forced to find alternative sources. As there is an increase in demand for energy for various everyday purposes, the energy providing resources face a huge threat. Therefore, it is important to save energy as much as we can, so that the future generations can avail these base facilities.
How to save energy at home?
Saving energy at home is the easiest and the most convenient way of saving these resources. There are various ways in which one can save energy without compromising their living standards.
- The basics: This includes making slight changes in the day to day activities, which doesn’t require money or effort. One can switch off lights and other electrical appliances when not in use. Hanging clothes to dry in the sun rather than using a dryer, washing dirty dishes manually rather than using a dishwasher, switching of light/fan when not required are minute changes one can make. This will help save energy without spending a penny.
- Light Bulbs: Traditional light bulbs consume a lot of energy along with lighting up your home. These bulbs can be replaced by low wattage LED bulbs. These bulbs are environmentally friendly, as they consume less electricity, but provide the same amount of illumination. CFL’s and LED’s consume about 20-80% less energy and are financially affordable.
- Energy saving appliances: There are appliances in the market who claim to be energy saving. These appliances are expensive but then can reduce the annual operating cost by 9-25%. They come with an ENERGY STAR label, which certifies that that appliance consumes less energy when compared to other products in the market. For every electrical appliance, the energy saving differs and it is usually written on the product.
- Smart Power Strips: Most appliances at home apply ‘Phantom Load’. This is the electricity consumed by the appliance when they are turned off or are in standby mode. It is assumed that about 75% of the total energy consumed is Phantom Load, which is an absolute wastage. In order to prevent this, one can use Smart Power Strips. These strips will shut down any energy consumption when the appliance is not in use. Smart Power Strips can be turned on/off at the user’s convenience using switches or a remote.
- Insulation: Insulating one’s house prevents a sudden change in temperature inside the house in relation to the outside weather. For Example: During winter, insulation will not let the room get too cold, hence the use of heaters can be restricted. Similarly, in summer, the room will not heat up unnecessarily, thereby reducing the use of all cooling devices.
Saving energy had become the primary concern of all developed countries. They are constantly trying new ways to conserve energy. There are appliances which consume less energy and are a healthier alternative to the traditional ones. However, one can save energy at home and contribute to global energy saving.